Discussion : What Makes a Leader?

 

Today’s leaders address increasingly complex challenges: globalization, the emergence of team functioning and structures, and economic downturns, to name a few. These issues call for leaders who can embrace change and cultural diversity. Organizational psychology theorists and professionals look at leadership styles that are transactional (focused on work tasks and employees’ ability to perform them) and transformational (focused on changing employees’ lives and abilities, based on vision and personal charisma).

The question of what makes an individual a good leader has fueled much research and debate in organizational psychology. Are leadership skills innate, or can one learn to be a great leader through education, professional development, and perseverance? In this Assignment, you review factors related to the leadership process.

To prepare:
Read “Activity 8–3: Donny is My Leader.” Consider the “Donny is My Leader” case from specific theoretical perspectives 

With these thoughts in mind:

Post by Day 3 a summary of the characteristics that describe Donny’s leadership philosophy and style. What are some of Donny’s strengths and weaknesses as a leader? What are some of his strengths and weaknesses as a manager? Now, analyze the consequences of Donny’s leadership style and the effect he has on the performance of individual team members (Choc, Herb, Harvey, Harry, Larry, David, Bruce, John, and Bradley). What effects does he have on the overall performance of the team? Also include in your post how Donny’s absence affects team dynamics. If you were Donny, how you would lead the team?

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources as well as additional peer-reviewed, scholarly resources.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.

400 words due Sunday Midnight

See attached 

psy 432

 

Use the following format and the attached document to complete the following. 

*Your project grade will not be based upon the amount of behavior change, but rather on the thoroughness for which you address the required areas listed above and integrate course concepts.
1. Introduction (15pts)

a.Description of overall goal and behavioral objective (target behavior) to include operational definition.
2. Method (25pts) – Actual Intervention Plan Implemented
b. Describe in detail the actual intervention plan and steps you implemented. This should contain more strategies than listed in your proposal as you have now learned more in class that you can integrate. Use class concepts and principles to describe plan and be specific on explaining how you collected data, the
recording method used, the length of data collection, antecedent control,
reinforcement, cognitive strategies, shaping, fading, etc… 

i.How did you manage the situation, consequences, obstacles and
challenges?
ii.What type of rewards and reinforcement schedules were used?
3. Results/Discussion/Critical Analysis (40pts)

11
a.   Present data collected before, during, and after intervention in graphs and/or tables (e.g. baseline graph and intervention graph). You should have at least 6 weeks of intervention data, in addition to your baseline data.
b.   Present a critical analysis of your project. 

i.Identify patterns and themes which emerged

ii.What behavior principles helped your intervention plan to be successful
and/or what behavior principles implemented were not as successful as
hoped? Discuss your results and outcomes integrating key concepts from
class. Be sure to consider the effectiveness of the intervention in relation to
improvement over baseline and/or to whether the objective was met within
the timeline you specified.
iii.
Describe how you dealt with problems and report any changes or adjustment
you needed to make to your intervention plan (e.g. maintain commitment or
lack thereof, effectiveness of reinforcements and reinforcement schedules,
etc..)
4.   Maintenance and Generalization (15pts)
a.   What, if anything, would you do differently next time?
b.   How do you plan to maintain and generalize your results (i.e. stimulus and
response generalization)?
c.   How will you apply the skills you learned throughout this project to future
behaviors you’d like to change? Think stimulus and response generalization.
5.   General Writing Style (5pts): organized, free from grammatical and spelling errors
Your proposal and report should be typed single-spaced times new roman 12 and be organized as above with appropriate headings. must be at least 5 pages or more.

Article Critique: Repeated Measures ANOVA(Wk-4-DQ-2)(10-9-18)

  Article Critique: Repeated Measures ANOVA

The readings for this week focus on the concepts of basic ANOVAs, including one-way and repeated measures ANOVA. In this discussion we will apply those concepts to the review and critique of a research article. For information on how to critique a research article, see the Coughlan et al. (2007) and UIS (n.d.) guides listed in the Required Readings for this week.

Read the following article. Lee, M., & Johnson, T. E. (2008). Understanding the effects of team cognition associated with complex engineering tasks: Dynamics of shared mental models, Task-SMM, and Team-SMM. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 21 (3), 73-95. doi: 10.1002/piq.20032

In the body of your posting, include an overview of the following topics: Research question – List the research question for the study. Hypotheses – List the statistical notation and written explanations for the null and alternative hypotheses for the study. Methods and Study Design – Describe the basic methods used, including the variables, sampling methods, data collection, etc. Data Analysis – Summarize the statistical tests conducted, the results obtained from each test, and conclusions regarding the hypotheses. Critique – Critique the results of the study, paying specific attention to the appropriateness of the analyses conducted, any biases or assumptions that were made, practical significance of the results, and recommendations for improving upon the study (methods or analyses). • Summary – Provide a brief summary of the study’s findings in 2-3 sentences. Do not use any numbers or statistical terms, but provide a review that would make sense to someone who has not studied research methods or statistics.

Be sure to put information in your own words and cite accordingly. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings.

Point Value: 4 Points
Weekly Learning Outcome Alignment: 1, 2, 3—————————————————————————————————————————————–  

CHOOSE –FROM–MY–Research Questions:

1. How does the employees’ motivation affect the organization Productivity?

In this research, there are two main variables that are an independent variable which in this case are the motivational factors for employees which include favorable working environment, compensation strategy, business culture, and the management strategy. The dependent variable in this study is the organization productivity. The best effective scale for measuring these variables is an ordinal scale basically because some variables have more impacts than the others.

2. What are the factors that affect the patient’s reaction to treatment?

The variables in these case include the type of medication, the lifestyle of the patient and the degree of the effect of the health condition has affected the patient. These variables have a different effect on the patient’s reaction to treatment, the variables are categorical in nature. In this case, the most effective measurement scale is the ordinal scale as well (Celli, Decramer, Wedzicha, Wilson, Agustí, Criner & Vogelmeier, 2015).

3. Does the increase in gun ownership affect the crime level in the society?

This question has several variables that increase in criminal-related deaths, criminal activities, assault cases. A rational scale level of measurement can be used in this research because of the nature of these variables. The variables depict some categorical characteristics they have different degrees of impact on the dependent variable in the question.

4. How does the school environment affect the student performance?

The security level in the school, the type of rules and the consequences of going against the rules and the level of strictness of the teacher in the school are the main variables in the research question. The rules and regulations are can be grouped into some category as well as the level of strictness of the teachers another subordinate staff, in this case, the best scale of measurement to be used is the ordinal scale. The variables also have some categorical characteristics they are not numerical.

5. What is the probability that randomly selected teenager watches movie over three times in a week?

The possibility or the variables, in this case, is that the student watches three times, less, or even more in a week. In this case, the main scales of measurement will be internal level, this is basically because they can be quantified but the decimal or rather the zero point is not relevant to the study or rather is meaningless (Pratt, 2015).

6. Is there any relationship between the traffic congestion and the price of fuel? 

The research questions in this have only one variable of interest which is the fuel prices which may or may not affect the traffic congestion. This is a question that is meant towards finding the if there is a relationship between the variables in the study. The level of measurement, in this case, is, therefore, an ordinal scale. The data, in this case, may have some continuous characteristics.

7. Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?

The variables, in this case, will be the average performance of the students in the subjects of focus, they will be categorized according to their gender. These variables can actually be measured using the ratio level of measurements by some mathematical operations. In this case, an average will be calculated of both genders performance on the subjects being studied. The data in this study will depict some continuous characteristics. 

8. How does the training frequency affect muscle growth for bodybuilders?

The variables, in this case, are time, the intensity of training and the diet. These are the three basic factors that affect muscle growth. These variables can be measured using some interval level of scale because they affect muscle growth differently in bodybuilders. This scale will be giving some difference in categories in the manner they affect the dependent variable here which is muscle growth. The data, in this case, will be analyzed mathematically and so will give some discrete results (Sahin, Serdar, Serteser, Unsal & Ozpinar, 2018).

9. What is the relationship between mortality rates and poverty level?

This research question is intended to establish the existence of any relationship between the mortality rates within a population and the poverty level of that population. The variables in these case will be poverty and death rate which will be measured using the ordinal level scale because it will be giving the degree to which these variables affect each other. The variables, in this case, will be having some continuous characteristics because they rise and fall at some level.

10. How does technological development impact learning in schools?

This research question has two directions, that is, the dependent variable may affect the independent in two ways either positively or negatively. The variables, in this case, will include the teaching techniques used by the teachers, the accessibility of the learning materials and so on this will have some positive impact on the learning processes. These variables will be measured using the ordinal level scale because they will be categorized and rated on the impact they have on the subject of study.

References

Pratt, M. G. (2015). Crafting and Selecting Research Questions and Contexts in Qualitative Research. Handbook of Qualitative Organizational Research: Innovative Pathways and Methods, 177.

Celli, B. R., Decramer, M., Wedzicha, J. A., Wilson, K. C., Agustí, A., Criner, G. J., … & Vogelmeier, C. (2015). An official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement: research questions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 191(7), e4-e27.

Sahin, O. N., Serdar, M., Serteser, M., Unsal, I., & Ozpinar, A. (2018). Vitamin D levels and parathyroid hormone variations of children living in a subtropical climate: a data mining study. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 44(1), 40.

 
 

assignment 3- PS 101

   Instructions Recognize: Postive/Negative Reinforcements and Punishments Evaluation Title: Operant Conditioning

The table below provides the four kinds of operant conditioning as they apply to dog training.  

After reviewing these examples, create two examples from each category but apply them to human behavior.  You will provide 2 examples of positive reinforcement; 2 examples of negative reinforcement; 2 examples of positive punishment and 2 examples of negative punishment.

Remember, Reinforcement = increasing behavior and Punishment = decreasing behavior. Positive = applying something to increase or decrease behavior and Negative = removing something to increase or decrease behavior.

FOR NICOWILLIAM ONLY

Read “Topic 2: Vargas Case Study.” Select one of the Vargas family members and complete a Cultural Formulation Interview based on the “Cultural Formulation” section in the DSM-5 and based on the new information learned in session two of the Vargas case study. Refer to the attached CFI form for guidance and complete the CFI template.

APA style is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

cognition and intelligence

Submit a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following components. Be sure to include references to Learning Resources, including media. Analyze the bias in the Australian and Chitling intelligence tests assigned in the Week 2 Learning Resources. Give examples from both assigned tests of what makes an intelligence test unfair to people of different cultures. Explain whether an intelligence test in general could be constructed without cultural bias. Include your reasoning and support your views with relevant research. Select two cultural factors (e.g., environment, socioeconomic, biological, and family) that you believe have the greatest influence on intelligence. Explain the factors and your reasoning. For the two cultures that you researched, explain each culture’s definition of intelligence and identify similarities and differences in how the cultures view intelligence. Based on what you learned this week, create a personal definition of intelligence that includes your concept of “common knowledge.” Explain the influences that helped you arrive at this definition.

Personalities theories 2

 How Learning Environment Shapes Personality

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read the webpage for the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB), the  Harvey, Luiselli, & Wong, (2009) article, and review the APA’s Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. required for this week.

In your initial post: Applied behavior analysis is a rapidly growing area of learning psychology. Based on the information in the required web page and article, describe what you think it would be like to be an applied behavior analyst is a school setting.  Analyze and describe how the APA’s Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. might affect the implementation of behavior modification principles. Examine the behavioral analysis approach to personality psychology and discuss whether personality shapes behavior or behavior shapes personality. Use evidence from the resources to support your statements. Evaluate the cultural implications of addressing and treating mental health issues in standardized school settings. Describe the benefits this type of approach might have for students.

M7D1 PYSCH

 

Jim and Janice are hiking in the woods and come across a baby bear. Neither is very knowledgeable about nature and they foolishly stop to photograph the cub. The mother bear perceives this as a threat to the cub and charges at the couple.

Choose either Jim or Janice and respond to the following in a two to three paragraph cohesive response. Please do not simply answer the questions separately.

What emotion does the chosen individual feel? Is it a basic emotion or is it learned? Does gender or culture make a difference in the reaction? Describe the likely physiological, cognitive and behavioral responses to that emotion.

Choose one of the theories of emotion discussed in the readings (preferably one that has not been discussed by others as of yet). Explain step-by-step how that theory would apply to this situation.

Journal 6 Late Adulthood

Please follow all instructions: It contains some characteristics from Journal 5

 

Acceptable Length 500-800 words typed NOT including the typed list of characteristics.

Formatting Requirements Put your name, course and section number, and assignment title at the top of the document. Use one-inch margins. Use a 12-point Times New Roman font. Use double line spacing in the document. Write in complete sentences and in paragraph form.